Accessible icon links

In modern web design, it is not uncommon to have a link (or a button) that visually has no text, and is just an icon. Think about social icons, or items in a compact navbar. Relying solely on iconography can be tricky, but it can work, especially when icons are clear and well known.

Yet, even if no text is technically displayed, it is important to provide alternative content for people using screen-readers. It turns out making an accessible icon link is not that straightforward and I thought it would deserve its own little article.

Implementation

As an example, let’s consider a Twitter icon link using the iconic bird. We will use SVG for the icon itself since it’s a scalar format that does not require an additional HTTP request.

svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewbox="0 0 16 16">
path
d="M16 3.538a6.461 6.461 0 0 1-1.884.516 3.301 3.301 0 0 0 1.444-1.816 6.607 6.607 0 0 1-2.084.797 3.28 3.28 0 0 0-2.397-1.034 3.28 3.28 0 0 0-3.197 4.028 9.321 9.321 0 0 1-6.766-3.431 3.284 3.284 0 0 0 1.015 4.381A3.301 3.301 0 0 1 .643 6.57v.041A3.283 3.283 0 0 0 3.277 9.83a3.291 3.291 0 0 1-1.485.057 3.293 3.293 0 0 0 3.066 2.281 6.586 6.586 0 0 1-4.862 1.359 9.286 9.286 0 0 0 5.034 1.475c6.037 0 9.341-5.003 9.341-9.341 0-.144-.003-.284-.009-.425a6.59 6.59 0 0 0 1.637-1.697z"
/>

svg>

Now, let’s start by wrapping it up with a link:


a href="https://twitter.com/HugoGiraudel">
svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewbox="0 0 16 16">svg>
a>

Unfortunately, at this stage this link contains no accessible name, which is a big problem. Let’s add some descriptive text, that we make visually hidden yet accessible.


a href="https://twitter.com/HugoGiraudel">
svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewbox="0 0 16 16">svg>
span class="sr-only">Twitterspan>
a>

Chris Heilmann asked me whether using the aria-label attribute or a element in the SVG would be simpler than having a visually hidden element. The latter solution provides better support with older assistive technologies and avoids aria-label internationalisation issues.

There is still a bit more we need to do. Since we provided a descriptive text, we can safely remove the SVG markup from the accessibility tree by adding the aria-hidden attribute.


a href="https://twitter.com/HugoGiraudel">
svg
aria-hidden="true"
xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
viewbox="0 0 16 16"
>


svg>
span class="sr-only">Twitterspan>
a>

Last but not least, svg elements can be focused on Internet Explorer, which is becoming less and less of a problem overall—still, we should correct that with the focusable attribute.

a href="https://twitter.com/HugoGiraudel">
svg
aria-hidden="true"
focusable="false"
xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
viewbox="0 0 16 16"
>


svg>
span class="sr-only">Twitterspan>
a>

As a last touch, I would recommend adding the text content in the title attribute on the link as well. This does not enhance accessibility per se, but it emits a small tooltip when hovering the link, which can be handy for non-obvious iconography.

a href="https://twitter.com/HugoGiraudel" title="Twitter">
svg
aria-hidden="true"
focusable="false"
xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
viewbox="0 0 16 16"
>


svg>
span class="sr-only">Twitterspan>
a>

Our final link (with some additional styles to make it easier on the eye):
Twitter

As a React component

Now that we have sorted out how to make our icon links accessible, we can safely make a little React component for that (out of sight, out of mind), using a component.

const IconLink = ({ Icon, ...props }) => (
a {...props}>
Icon aria-hidden="true" focusable="false" />
VisuallyHidden>{props.title}/VisuallyHidden>
/a>
)

Then it can be used like this:

const Twitter = props => (
svg xmlns='http://www.w3.org/2000/svg' viewBox='0 0 16 16' {...props}>
path d='M16 3.538a6.461 6.461 0 0 1-1.884.516 3.301 3.301 0 0 0 1.444-1.816 6.607 6.607 0 0 1-2.084.797 3.28 3.28 0 0 0-2.397-1.034 3.28 3.28 0 0 0-3.197 4.028 9.321 9.321 0 0 1-6.766-3.431 3.284 3.284 0 0 0 1.015 4.381A3.301 3.301 0 0 1 .643 6.57v.041A3.283 3.283 0 0 0 3.277 9.83a3.291 3.291 0 0 1-1.485.057 3.293 3.293 0 0 0 3.066 2.281 6.586 6.586 0 0 1-4.862 1.359 9.286 9.286 0 0 0 5.034 1.475c6.037 0 9.341-5.003 9.341-9.341 0-.144-.003-.284-.009-.425a6.59 6.59 0 0 0 1.637-1.697z' />
/svg>
)

const MyComponent = props => (
IconLink
href='https://twitter.com/HugoGiraudel'
title='Twitter'
Icon={Twitter}
/>
)

Further reading

Opening a link in a new tab also comes with accessibility considerations that should not be overlooked. I went over opening links in a new tab in another article. Although it was showcasing a React implementation, the knowledge should be easy to transfer.

Sara Soueidan went through accessible icon buttons on her blog, and shares interesting tips to debug the accessibility name in the browser developer tools.

Additionally, Florens Verschelde has great content about working with SVG icons, including composing, spriting, styling and rendering icons. Cannot recommended you enough to read it!


This content originally appeared on Hugo “Kitty” Giraudel and was authored by Hugo “Kitty” Giraudel

In modern web design, it is not uncommon to have a link (or a button) that visually has no text, and is just an icon. Think about social icons, or items in a compact navbar. Relying solely on iconography can be tricky, but it can work, especially when icons are clear and well known.

Yet, even if no text is technically displayed, it is important to provide alternative content for people using screen-readers. It turns out making an accessible icon link is not that straightforward and I thought it would deserve its own little article.

Implementation

As an example, let’s consider a Twitter icon link using the iconic bird. We will use SVG for the icon itself since it’s a scalar format that does not require an additional HTTP request.

<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewbox="0 0 16 16">
<path
d="M16 3.538a6.461 6.461 0 0 1-1.884.516 3.301 3.301 0 0 0 1.444-1.816 6.607 6.607 0 0 1-2.084.797 3.28 3.28 0 0 0-2.397-1.034 3.28 3.28 0 0 0-3.197 4.028 9.321 9.321 0 0 1-6.766-3.431 3.284 3.284 0 0 0 1.015 4.381A3.301 3.301 0 0 1 .643 6.57v.041A3.283 3.283 0 0 0 3.277 9.83a3.291 3.291 0 0 1-1.485.057 3.293 3.293 0 0 0 3.066 2.281 6.586 6.586 0 0 1-4.862 1.359 9.286 9.286 0 0 0 5.034 1.475c6.037 0 9.341-5.003 9.341-9.341 0-.144-.003-.284-.009-.425a6.59 6.59 0 0 0 1.637-1.697z"
/>

svg>

Now, let’s start by wrapping it up with a link:


<a href="https://twitter.com/HugoGiraudel">
<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewbox="0 0 16 16">svg>
a>

Unfortunately, at this stage this link contains no accessible name, which is a big problem. Let’s add some descriptive text, that we make visually hidden yet accessible.


<a href="https://twitter.com/HugoGiraudel">
<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewbox="0 0 16 16">svg>
<span class="sr-only">Twitterspan>
a>

Chris Heilmann asked me whether using the aria-label attribute or a </code> element in the SVG would be simpler than having a visually hidden element. The latter solution provides <a href="https://twitter.com/goetsu/status/1334596736833232896?s=20">better support with older assistive technologies</a> and avoids <a href="https://heydonworks.com/article/aria-label-is-a-xenophobe/"><code>aria-label</code> internationalisation issues</a>.</p> </div> <p>There is still a bit more we need to do. Since we provided a descriptive text, we can safely remove the SVG markup from the accessibility tree by adding the <code>aria-hidden</code> attribute.</p> <pre class="language-html"><code class="language-html"><span class="token comment"><!-- Incomplete: please do *not* copy and paste this snippet --></span><br><span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"><</span>a</span> <span class="token attr-name">href</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>https://twitter.com/HugoGiraudel<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span><span class="token punctuation">></span></span><br> <span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"><</span>svg</span><br> <span class="token attr-name">aria-hidden</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>true<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span><br> <span class="token attr-name">xmlns</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>http://www.w3.org/2000/svg<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span><br> <span class="token attr-name">viewbox</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>0 0 16 16<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span><br> <span class="token punctuation">></span></span><br> …<br> <span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"></</span>svg</span><span class="token punctuation">></span></span><br> <span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"><</span>span</span> <span class="token attr-name">class</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>sr-only<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span><span class="token punctuation">></span></span>Twitter<span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"></</span>span</span><span class="token punctuation">></span></span><br><span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"></</span>a</span><span class="token punctuation">></span></span></code></pre> <p>Last but not least, <code>svg</code> elements can be focused on Internet Explorer, which is becoming less and less of a problem overall—still, we should correct that with the <code>focusable</code> attribute.</p> <pre class="language-html"><code class="language-html"><span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"><</span>a</span> <span class="token attr-name">href</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>https://twitter.com/HugoGiraudel<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span><span class="token punctuation">></span></span><br> <span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"><</span>svg</span><br> <span class="token attr-name">aria-hidden</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>true<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span><br> <span class="token attr-name">focusable</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>false<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span><br> <span class="token attr-name">xmlns</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>http://www.w3.org/2000/svg<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span><br> <span class="token attr-name">viewbox</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>0 0 16 16<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span><br> <span class="token punctuation">></span></span><br> …<br> <span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"></</span>svg</span><span class="token punctuation">></span></span><br> <span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"><</span>span</span> <span class="token attr-name">class</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>sr-only<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span><span class="token punctuation">></span></span>Twitter<span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"></</span>span</span><span class="token punctuation">></span></span><br><span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"></</span>a</span><span class="token punctuation">></span></span></code></pre> <p>As a last touch, I would recommend adding the text content in the <code>title</code> attribute on the link as well. This does not enhance accessibility per se, but it emits a small tooltip when hovering the link, which can be handy for non-obvious iconography.</p> <pre class="language-html"><code class="language-html"><span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"><</span>a</span> <span class="token attr-name">href</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>https://twitter.com/HugoGiraudel<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span> <span class="token attr-name">title</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>Twitter<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span><span class="token punctuation">></span></span><br> <span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"><</span>svg</span><br> <span class="token attr-name">aria-hidden</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>true<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span><br> <span class="token attr-name">focusable</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>false<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span><br> <span class="token attr-name">xmlns</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>http://www.w3.org/2000/svg<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span><br> <span class="token attr-name">viewbox</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>0 0 16 16<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span><br> <span class="token punctuation">></span></span><br> …<br> <span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"></</span>svg</span><span class="token punctuation">></span></span><br> <span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"><</span>span</span> <span class="token attr-name">class</span><span class="token attr-value"><span class="token punctuation attr-equals">=</span><span class="token punctuation">"</span>sr-only<span class="token punctuation">"</span></span><span class="token punctuation">></span></span>Twitter<span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"></</span>span</span><span class="token punctuation">></span></span><br><span class="token tag"><span class="token tag"><span class="token punctuation"></</span>a</span><span class="token punctuation">></span></span></code></pre> <p>Our final link (with some additional styles to make it easier on the eye): <a href="https://twitter.com/HugoGiraudel" title="Twitter" class="demo-link"> <svg aria-hidden="true" focusable="false" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewbox="0 0 16 16" > <path d='M16 3.538a6.461 6.461 0 0 1-1.884.516 3.301 3.301 0 0 0 1.444-1.816 6.607 6.607 0 0 1-2.084.797 3.28 3.28 0 0 0-2.397-1.034 3.28 3.28 0 0 0-3.197 4.028 9.321 9.321 0 0 1-6.766-3.431 3.284 3.284 0 0 0 1.015 4.381A3.301 3.301 0 0 1 .643 6.57v.041A3.283 3.283 0 0 0 3.277 9.83a3.291 3.291 0 0 1-1.485.057 3.293 3.293 0 0 0 3.066 2.281 6.586 6.586 0 0 1-4.862 1.359 9.286 9.286 0 0 0 5.034 1.475c6.037 0 9.341-5.003 9.341-9.341 0-.144-.003-.284-.009-.425a6.59 6.59 0 0 0 1.637-1.697z' /> </svg> <span class="visually-hidden">Twitter</span> </a></p> <h2 id="as-a-react-component">As a React component</h2> <p>Now that we have sorted out how to make our icon links accessible, we can safely make a little React component for that (out of sight, out of mind), using a <a href="https://hugogiraudel.com/snippets/visually-hidden-component/"><code><VisuallyHidden /></code> component</a>.</p> <pre class="language-js"><code class="language-js"><span class="token keyword">const</span> <span class="token function-variable function">IconLink</span> <span class="token operator">=</span> <span class="token punctuation">(</span><span class="token parameter"><span class="token punctuation">{</span> Icon<span class="token punctuation">,</span> <span class="token operator">...</span>props <span class="token punctuation">}</span></span><span class="token punctuation">)</span> <span class="token operator">=></span> <span class="token punctuation">(</span><br> <span class="token operator"><</span>a <span class="token punctuation">{</span><span class="token operator">...</span>props<span class="token punctuation">}</span><span class="token operator">></span><br> <span class="token operator"><</span>Icon aria<span class="token operator">-</span>hidden<span class="token operator">=</span><span class="token string">"true"</span> focusable<span class="token operator">=</span><span class="token string">"false"</span> <span class="token operator">/</span><span class="token operator">></span><br> <span class="token operator"><</span>VisuallyHidden<span class="token operator">></span><span class="token punctuation">{</span>props<span class="token punctuation">.</span>title<span class="token punctuation">}</span><span class="token operator"><</span><span class="token operator">/</span>VisuallyHidden<span class="token operator">></span><br> <span class="token operator"><</span><span class="token operator">/</span>a<span class="token operator">></span><br><span class="token punctuation">)</span></code></pre> <p>Then it can be used like this:</p> <pre class="language-js"><code class="language-js"><span class="token keyword">const</span> <span class="token function-variable function">Twitter</span> <span class="token operator">=</span> <span class="token parameter">props</span> <span class="token operator">=></span> <span class="token punctuation">(</span><br> <span class="token operator"><</span>svg xmlns<span class="token operator">=</span><span class="token string">'http://www.w3.org/2000/svg'</span> viewBox<span class="token operator">=</span><span class="token string">'0 0 16 16'</span> <span class="token punctuation">{</span><span class="token operator">...</span>props<span class="token punctuation">}</span><span class="token operator">></span><br> <span class="token operator"><</span>path d<span class="token operator">=</span><span class="token string">'M16 3.538a6.461 6.461 0 0 1-1.884.516 3.301 3.301 0 0 0 1.444-1.816 6.607 6.607 0 0 1-2.084.797 3.28 3.28 0 0 0-2.397-1.034 3.28 3.28 0 0 0-3.197 4.028 9.321 9.321 0 0 1-6.766-3.431 3.284 3.284 0 0 0 1.015 4.381A3.301 3.301 0 0 1 .643 6.57v.041A3.283 3.283 0 0 0 3.277 9.83a3.291 3.291 0 0 1-1.485.057 3.293 3.293 0 0 0 3.066 2.281 6.586 6.586 0 0 1-4.862 1.359 9.286 9.286 0 0 0 5.034 1.475c6.037 0 9.341-5.003 9.341-9.341 0-.144-.003-.284-.009-.425a6.59 6.59 0 0 0 1.637-1.697z'</span> <span class="token operator">/</span><span class="token operator">></span><br> <span class="token operator"><</span><span class="token operator">/</span>svg<span class="token operator">></span><br><span class="token punctuation">)</span><br><br><span class="token keyword">const</span> <span class="token function-variable function">MyComponent</span> <span class="token operator">=</span> <span class="token parameter">props</span> <span class="token operator">=></span> <span class="token punctuation">(</span><br> <span class="token operator"><</span>IconLink<br> href<span class="token operator">=</span><span class="token string">'https://twitter.com/HugoGiraudel'</span><br> title<span class="token operator">=</span><span class="token string">'Twitter'</span><br> Icon<span class="token operator">=</span><span class="token punctuation">{</span>Twitter<span class="token punctuation">}</span><br> <span class="token operator">/</span><span class="token operator">></span><br><span class="token punctuation">)</span></code></pre> <h2 id="further-reading">Further reading</h2> <p>Opening a link in a new tab also comes with accessibility considerations that should not be overlooked. I went over <a href="https://hugogiraudel.com/2020/01/17/accessible-links-and-buttons-with-react/#%23open-a-tab-for-me-will-you">opening links in a new tab</a> in another article. Although it was showcasing a React implementation, the knowledge should be easy to transfer.</p> <p>Sara Soueidan went through <a href="https://www.sarasoueidan.com/blog/accessible-icon-buttons/">accessible icon buttons</a> on her blog, and shares interesting tips to debug the accessibility name in the browser developer tools.</p> <p>Additionally, Florens Verschelde has great content about <a href="https://fvsch.com/svg-icons">working with SVG icons</a>, including composing, spriting, styling and rendering icons. Cannot recommended you enough to read it!</p> <p class="syndicated-attribution"><br>This content originally appeared on <a href="https://hugogiraudel.com/2020/12/10/accessible-icon-links/" target="_blank">Hugo “Kitty” Giraudel</a> and was authored by Hugo “Kitty” Giraudel<br></p> <br> <style> .ap-print-btn-comment { display:none; } .single .ap-print-btn-comment { display:block; } #respond { visibility:hidden; } .entry-content .ap-print-btn { display:none!important; } .entry-content .singleshow .ap-print-btn { display:block!important; } /* #respond { display:none; } */ </style> <script> function showhidecommentbox() { var x = document.getElementById("respond"); if (x.style.visibility === "visible") { x.style.visibility = "hidden"; } else { x.style.visibility = "visible"; } /* if (x.style.display === "block") { x.style.display = "none"; } else { x.style.display = "block"; } */ } </script> <div class="singleshow"> <a href="?printer_app=1" class="ap-print-btn" style=" padding: 15px; margin-top: 10px; width: 140px; text-align: center; border-radius: 3px; font-size: 14px; box-shadow: none !important; background-color: ; color: #ffffff;float:left; margin-right:10px;text-decoration: none;">Print</a> <a onclick="pop()" class="ap-print-btn ap-print-btn-comment" style="cursor:pointer; padding: 15px; margin-top: 10px; width: 140px; text-align: center; border-radius: 3px; font-size: 14px; box-shadow: none !important; background-color: ; color: #ffffff;float:left; margin-right:10px;text-decoration: none;">Share</a> <a onclick="popcomment()" class="ap-print-btn ap-print-btn-comment" style="cursor:pointer; padding: 15px; margin-top: 10px; width: 140px; text-align: center; border-radius: 3px; font-size: 14px; box-shadow: none !important; background-color: ; color: #ffffff;float:left; margin-right:10px;text-decoration: none;">Comment</a> <a onclick="popcite()" class="ap-print-btn ap-print-btn-comment" style="cursor:pointer; padding: 15px; margin-top: 10px; width: 140px; text-align: center; border-radius: 3px; font-size: 14px; box-shadow: none !important; background-color: ; color: #ffffff;float:left; margin-right:10px;text-decoration: none;">Cite</a> <a onclick="popupload()" class="ap-print-btn ap-print-btn-comment" style="cursor:pointer; padding: 15px; margin-top: 10px; width: 140px; text-align: center; border-radius: 3px; font-size: 14px; box-shadow: none !important; background-color: ; color: #ffffff;float:left; margin-right:10px;text-decoration: none;">Upload</a> <a onclick="poptranslate()" class="ap-print-btn ap-print-btn-comment" style="cursor:pointer; padding: 15px; margin-top: 10px; width: 140px; text-align: center; border-radius: 3px; font-size: 14px; box-shadow: none !important; background-color: ; color: #ffffff;float:left; margin-right:10px;text-decoration: none;">Translate</a> <script> function pop() { var popup = document.getElementById('sharepopup'); popup.classList.toggle('show'); } function popcite() { var popup = document.getElementById('citationarea'); popup.classList.toggle('show'); } function popupload() { var popup = document.getElementById('uploadarea'); popup.classList.toggle('show'); } function poptranslate() { var popup = document.getElementById('translatearea'); popup.classList.toggle('show'); } function popcomment() { var popup = document.getElementById('commentarea'); popup.classList.toggle('show'); var x = document.getElementById("respond"); if (x.style.visibility === "visible") { x.style.visibility = "hidden"; } else { x.style.visibility = "visible"; } } </script> <style> .show{ display: grid !important; grid-template-columns: 70px auto; width: 100%; height: 100%; } #respond { margin-left: -40px; } .popup { display: inline-block; } .popup .popuptext { visibility: hidden; background-color: #000000; color: #fff; border-radius: 3px; padding:10px; position:relative; margin:10px 0; } .popuptext { background-color: #000000; color: #fff; border-radius: 3px; padding:10px; position:relative; margin:10px 0; } .popup { width: 100%; } .popup .show { visibility: visible; } #commentarea{ display: none; } #citationarea { display: none; } #commentarea .show{ display: inline !important; visibility: visible !important; background-color: #ffdb14; } #citationarea { display: none; } #citationarea .show { display: inline !important; visibility: visible !important; background-color: #ffdb14; } #uploadarea { display: none; } #uploadarea .show { display: inline !important; visibility: visible !important; background-color: #ffdb14; } #translatearea { display: none; } #translatearea .show { display: inline !important; visibility: visible !important; background-color: #ffdb14; } .sharedashicons { color: white; text-decoration: none; padding: 5px 0; } #translatearea textarea { max-width: 580px; min-width: 100% !important; } </style> <div class="popup"> <span class="popuptext" id="sharepopup"> <div class="sharelogo" id="emailsharelogo"><a href="mailto:info@example.com?&subject=Accessible icon links&body=https://www.scien.cx/2020/12/10/accessible-icon-links/"><span class="sharedashicons dashicons dashicons-email"></span></a></div> <div class="sharelogo" id="facebooksharelogo"><a href="https://www.facebook.com/sharer/sharer.php?u=https://www.scien.cx/2020/12/10/accessible-icon-links/"><span class="sharedashicons dashicons dashicons-facebook"></span></a></div> <div class="sharelogo" id="twittersharelogo"><a href="https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?url=https://www.scien.cx/2020/12/10/accessible-icon-links/&text=Accessible icon links"><span class="sharedashicons dashicons dashicons-twitter"></span></a></div> <div class="sharelogo" id="urlsharelogo"><a href="https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?url=https://www.scien.cx/2020/12/10/accessible-icon-links/&text=Accessible icon links"><span class="sharedashicons dashicons dashicons-admin-links" onclick="myFunction();"></span></a></div> </span> </div> <div class="commentpopup" style"width: 100%;"> <span class="" id="commentarea"> <img src="https://www.radiofree.org/wp-content/plugins/print-app/icon.jpg" width="100%"> <div class="comments-wrapper"> </div><!-- .comments-wrapper --> </span> </div> <div class="citationpopup" style"width: 100%;"> <span class="popuptext" id="citationarea"> <span class=“citestyle”>APA</span><div class="citationblock" id="content-1">Hugo “Kitty” Giraudel | Sciencx (2023-01-29T03:54:29+00:00) <i> » Accessible icon links</i>. Retrieved from https://www.scien.cx/2020/12/10/accessible-icon-links/.</div> <span class=“citestyle”>MLA</span><div class="citationblock" id="content-2">" » Accessible icon links." Hugo “Kitty” Giraudel | Sciencx - Thursday December 10, 2020, https://www.scien.cx/2020/12/10/accessible-icon-links/</div> <span class=“citestyle”>HARVARD</span><div class="citationblock" id="content-3">Hugo “Kitty” Giraudel | Sciencx Thursday December 10, 2020 » Accessible icon links., viewed 2023-01-29T03:54:29+00:00,<https://www.scien.cx/2020/12/10/accessible-icon-links/></div> <span class=“citestyle”>VANCOUVER</span><div class="citationblock" id="content-4">Hugo “Kitty” Giraudel | Sciencx - » Accessible icon links. [Internet]. [Accessed 2023-01-29T03:54:29+00:00]. Available from: https://www.scien.cx/2020/12/10/accessible-icon-links/</div> <span class=“citestyle”>CHICAGO</span><div class="citationblock" id="content-5">" » Accessible icon links." Hugo “Kitty” Giraudel | Sciencx - Accessed 2023-01-29T03:54:29+00:00. https://www.scien.cx/2020/12/10/accessible-icon-links/</div> <span class=“citestyle”>IEEE</span><div class="citationblock" id="content-6">" » Accessible icon links." Hugo “Kitty” Giraudel | Sciencx [Online]. Available: https://www.scien.cx/2020/12/10/accessible-icon-links/. [Accessed: 2023-01-29T03:54:29+00:00]</div> <span class=“citestyle”>rf:citation</span><div class="citationblock" id="content-7"> » Accessible icon links | Hugo “Kitty” Giraudel | Sciencx | https://www.scien.cx/2020/12/10/accessible-icon-links/ | 2023-01-29T03:54:29+00:00</div> </span> </div> </span> </div> <div class="citationpopup" style"width: 100%;"> <span class="popuptext" id="uploadarea"> https://github.com/addpipe/simple-recorderjs-demo </span> </div> <div class="translatepopup" style"width: 100%;"> <span class="popuptext" id="translatearea"> <container id="translationcontainer" class="translationcontainer"> <form id="new_post" name="new_post" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data"> <input type="text" id="title" value="" placeholder="TRANSLATE TITLE: Accessible icon links" tabindex="1" size="20" name="title" /> <div id="wp-content-wrap" class="wp-core-ui wp-editor-wrap html-active"><link rel='stylesheet' id='editor-buttons-css' href='https://www.scien.cx/wp-includes/css/editor.min.css?ver=6.1.1' type='text/css' media='all' /> <div id="wp-content-editor-container" class="wp-editor-container"><div id="qt_content_toolbar" class="quicktags-toolbar hide-if-no-js"></div><textarea class="wp-editor-area" rows="20" cols="40" name="content" id="content">Use this space to make a translated version of this post.</textarea></div> </div> <input type="text" value="" tabindex="5" size="16" name="post_tags" placeholder="TRANSLATE TAGS: " id="post_tags" /></p> <input type="file" name="post_image" id="post_image" aria-required="true"> <select data-placeholder="Choose a Language..."> <option value="AF">Afrikaans</option> <option value="SQ">Albanian</option> <option value="AR">Arabic</option> <option value="HY">Armenian</option> <option value="EU">Basque</option> <option value="BN">Bengali</option> <option value="BG">Bulgarian</option> <option value="CA">Catalan</option> <option value="KM">Cambodian</option> <option value="ZH">Chinese (Mandarin)</option> <option value="HR">Croatian</option> <option value="CS">Czech</option> <option value="DA">Danish</option> <option value="NL">Dutch</option> <option value="EN">English</option> <option value="ET">Estonian</option> <option value="FJ">Fiji</option> <option value="FI">Finnish</option> <option value="FR">French</option> <option value="KA">Georgian</option> <option value="DE">German</option> <option value="EL">Greek</option> <option value="GU">Gujarati</option> <option value="HE">Hebrew</option> <option value="HI">Hindi</option> <option value="HU">Hungarian</option> <option value="IS">Icelandic</option> <option value="ID">Indonesian</option> <option value="GA">Irish</option> <option value="IT">Italian</option> <option value="JA">Japanese</option> <option value="JW">Javanese</option> <option value="KO">Korean</option> <option value="LA">Latin</option> <option value="LV">Latvian</option> <option value="LT">Lithuanian</option> <option value="MK">Macedonian</option> <option value="MS">Malay</option> <option value="ML">Malayalam</option> <option value="MT">Maltese</option> <option value="MI">Maori</option> <option value="MR">Marathi</option> <option value="MN">Mongolian</option> <option value="NE">Nepali</option> <option value="NO">Norwegian</option> <option value="FA">Persian</option> <option value="PL">Polish</option> <option value="PT">Portuguese</option> <option value="PA">Punjabi</option> <option value="QU">Quechua</option> <option value="RO">Romanian</option> <option value="RU">Russian</option> <option value="SM">Samoan</option> <option value="SR">Serbian</option> <option value="SK">Slovak</option> <option value="SL">Slovenian</option> <option value="ES">Spanish</option> <option value="SW">Swahili</option> <option value="SV">Swedish </option> <option value="TA">Tamil</option> <option value="TT">Tatar</option> <option value="TE">Telugu</option> <option value="TH">Thai</option> <option value="BO">Tibetan</option> <option value="TO">Tonga</option> <option value="TR">Turkish</option> <option value="UK">Ukrainian</option> <option value="UR">Urdu</option> <option value="UZ">Uzbek</option> <option value="VI">Vietnamese</option> <option value="CY">Welsh</option> <option value="XH">Xhosa</option> </select> <input type="text" id="lname" name="lname" placeholder="Author"><br><br> <p><input type="submit" value="Publish" tabindex="6" id="submit" name="submit" /></p> </form> </container> </span> </div> </div><!-- .entry-content --> <nav class="pagination-single border-color-border"> <a class="previous-post" href="https://www.scien.cx/2020/12/09/parser-hacking-08-skipping-newlines-in-the-lexer-simplified-parsing/"> <span class="arrow">←</span> <span class="title"><span class="title-inner">Parser Hacking [08]: Skipping Newlines in the Lexer | Simplified Parsing</span></span> </a> <a class="next-post" href="https://www.scien.cx/2020/12/10/political-gabfest-15th-anniversary-show/"> <span class="arrow">→</span> <span class="title"><span class="title-inner">Political Gabfest 15th Anniversary Show</span></span> </a> </nav><!-- .single-pagination --> </div><!-- .post-inner --> </article><!-- .post --> <div class="related-posts section-inner"> <h2 class="related-posts-title heading-size-3">Related Posts</h2> <div class="posts"> <div class="posts-grid related-posts-grid grid mcols-1 tcols-2 tlcols-3 dcols-4"> <div class="grid-item"> <article class="preview preview-post post-439674 post type-post status-publish format-standard hentry category-beginners category-javascript category-react category-webdev" id="post-439674"> <figure class="wp-block-audio"></figure> <figure class="preview-media"> </figure> <header class="preview-header"> <h2 class="preview-title heading-size-3"><a href="https://www.scien.cx/2022/06/16/how-to-use-eslint-and-prettier-for-code-analysis-and-formatting/">How to use ESLint and Prettier for code analysis and formatting</a></h2> <div class="post-meta-wrapper post-meta-archive"> <ul class="post-meta color-accent"> <li class="post-date"> <a class="meta-wrapper" href="https://www.scien.cx/2022/06/16/how-to-use-eslint-and-prettier-for-code-analysis-and-formatting/"> <span class="meta-icon"> <span class="screen-reader-text">Post date</span> <svg class="svg-icon" aria-hidden="true" role="img" focusable="false" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="18" height="19" viewBox="0 0 18 19"><path fill="" d="M4.60069444,4.09375 L3.25,4.09375 C2.47334957,4.09375 1.84375,4.72334957 1.84375,5.5 L1.84375,7.26736111 L16.15625,7.26736111 L16.15625,5.5 C16.15625,4.72334957 15.5266504,4.09375 14.75,4.09375 L13.3993056,4.09375 L13.3993056,4.55555556 C13.3993056,5.02154581 13.0215458,5.39930556 12.5555556,5.39930556 C12.0895653,5.39930556 11.7118056,5.02154581 11.7118056,4.55555556 L11.7118056,4.09375 L6.28819444,4.09375 L6.28819444,4.55555556 C6.28819444,5.02154581 5.9104347,5.39930556 5.44444444,5.39930556 C4.97845419,5.39930556 4.60069444,5.02154581 4.60069444,4.55555556 L4.60069444,4.09375 Z M6.28819444,2.40625 L11.7118056,2.40625 L11.7118056,1 C11.7118056,0.534009742 12.0895653,0.15625 12.5555556,0.15625 C13.0215458,0.15625 13.3993056,0.534009742 13.3993056,1 L13.3993056,2.40625 L14.75,2.40625 C16.4586309,2.40625 17.84375,3.79136906 17.84375,5.5 L17.84375,15.875 C17.84375,17.5836309 16.4586309,18.96875 14.75,18.96875 L3.25,18.96875 C1.54136906,18.96875 0.15625,17.5836309 0.15625,15.875 L0.15625,5.5 C0.15625,3.79136906 1.54136906,2.40625 3.25,2.40625 L4.60069444,2.40625 L4.60069444,1 C4.60069444,0.534009742 4.97845419,0.15625 5.44444444,0.15625 C5.9104347,0.15625 6.28819444,0.534009742 6.28819444,1 L6.28819444,2.40625 Z M1.84375,8.95486111 L1.84375,15.875 C1.84375,16.6516504 2.47334957,17.28125 3.25,17.28125 L14.75,17.28125 C15.5266504,17.28125 16.15625,16.6516504 16.15625,15.875 L16.15625,8.95486111 L1.84375,8.95486111 Z" /></svg> </span> <span class="meta-text"> June 16, 2022 </span> </a> </li> <li class="post-author meta-wrapper"> <span class="meta-icon"> <span class="screen-reader-text">Post author</span> <svg class="svg-icon" aria-hidden="true" role="img" focusable="false" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="18" height="20" viewBox="0 0 18 20"><path fill="" d="M18,19 C18,19.5522847 17.5522847,20 17,20 C16.4477153,20 16,19.5522847 16,19 L16,17 C16,15.3431458 14.6568542,14 13,14 L5,14 C3.34314575,14 2,15.3431458 2,17 L2,19 C2,19.5522847 1.55228475,20 1,20 C0.44771525,20 0,19.5522847 0,19 L0,17 C0,14.2385763 2.23857625,12 5,12 L13,12 C15.7614237,12 18,14.2385763 18,17 L18,19 Z M9,10 C6.23857625,10 4,7.76142375 4,5 C4,2.23857625 6.23857625,0 9,0 C11.7614237,0 14,2.23857625 14,5 C14,7.76142375 11.7614237,10 9,10 Z M9,8 C10.6568542,8 12,6.65685425 12,5 C12,3.34314575 10.6568542,2 9,2 C7.34314575,2 6,3.34314575 6,5 C6,6.65685425 7.34314575,8 9,8 Z" /></svg> </span> <span class="meta-text"> By <a href="https://www.scien.cx/author/andrew-baisden/">Andrew Baisden</a> </span> </li> <li class="post-categories meta-wrapper"> <span class="meta-icon"> <span class="screen-reader-text">Post categories</span> <svg class="svg-icon" aria-hidden="true" role="img" focusable="false" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="20" height="19" viewBox="0 0 20 19"><path fill="" d="M2.8,1.85 C2.275329,1.85 1.85,2.27532949 1.85,2.8 L1.85,15.4 C1.85,15.9246705 2.275329,16.35 2.8,16.35 L17.2,16.35 C17.724671,16.35 18.15,15.9246705 18.15,15.4 L18.15,5.5 C18.15,4.97532949 17.724671,4.55 17.2,4.55 L9.1,4.55 C8.8158,4.55 8.550403,4.40796403 8.392757,4.17149517 L6.845094,1.85 L2.8,1.85 Z M17.2,2.85 C18.663555,2.85 19.85,4.03644541 19.85,5.5 L19.85,15.4 C19.85,16.8635546 18.663555,18.05 17.2,18.05 L2.8,18.05 C1.336445,18.05 0.15,16.8635546 0.15,15.4 L0.15,2.8 C0.15,1.33644541 1.336445,0.15 2.8,0.15 L7.3,0.15 C7.5842,0.15 7.849597,0.292035965 8.007243,0.528504833 L9.554906,2.85 L17.2,2.85 Z" /></svg> </span> <span class="meta-text"> In <a href="https://www.scien.cx/category/beginners/" rel="category tag">beginners</a>, <a href="https://www.scien.cx/category/javascript/" rel="category tag">JavaScript</a>, <a href="https://www.scien.cx/category/react/" rel="category tag">react</a>, <a href="https://www.scien.cx/category/webdev/" rel="category tag">webdev</a> </span> </li> </ul> </div> </header><!-- .preview-header --> </article><!-- .preview --> </div><!-- .grid-item --> <div class="grid-item"> <article class="preview preview-post post-30485 post type-post status-publish format-standard hentry category-accessibility category-layout category-link category-web-components" id="post-30485"> <figure class="wp-block-audio"></figure> <figure class="preview-media"> </figure> <header class="preview-header"> <h2 class="preview-title heading-size-3"><a href="https://www.scien.cx/2021/02/12/responsible-web-applications/">Responsible Web Applications</a></h2> <div class="post-meta-wrapper post-meta-archive"> <ul class="post-meta color-accent"> <li class="post-date"> <a class="meta-wrapper" href="https://www.scien.cx/2021/02/12/responsible-web-applications/"> <span class="meta-icon"> <span class="screen-reader-text">Post date</span> <svg class="svg-icon" aria-hidden="true" role="img" focusable="false" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="18" height="19" viewBox="0 0 18 19"><path fill="" d="M4.60069444,4.09375 L3.25,4.09375 C2.47334957,4.09375 1.84375,4.72334957 1.84375,5.5 L1.84375,7.26736111 L16.15625,7.26736111 L16.15625,5.5 C16.15625,4.72334957 15.5266504,4.09375 14.75,4.09375 L13.3993056,4.09375 L13.3993056,4.55555556 C13.3993056,5.02154581 13.0215458,5.39930556 12.5555556,5.39930556 C12.0895653,5.39930556 11.7118056,5.02154581 11.7118056,4.55555556 L11.7118056,4.09375 L6.28819444,4.09375 L6.28819444,4.55555556 C6.28819444,5.02154581 5.9104347,5.39930556 5.44444444,5.39930556 C4.97845419,5.39930556 4.60069444,5.02154581 4.60069444,4.55555556 L4.60069444,4.09375 Z M6.28819444,2.40625 L11.7118056,2.40625 L11.7118056,1 C11.7118056,0.534009742 12.0895653,0.15625 12.5555556,0.15625 C13.0215458,0.15625 13.3993056,0.534009742 13.3993056,1 L13.3993056,2.40625 L14.75,2.40625 C16.4586309,2.40625 17.84375,3.79136906 17.84375,5.5 L17.84375,15.875 C17.84375,17.5836309 16.4586309,18.96875 14.75,18.96875 L3.25,18.96875 C1.54136906,18.96875 0.15625,17.5836309 0.15625,15.875 L0.15625,5.5 C0.15625,3.79136906 1.54136906,2.40625 3.25,2.40625 L4.60069444,2.40625 L4.60069444,1 C4.60069444,0.534009742 4.97845419,0.15625 5.44444444,0.15625 C5.9104347,0.15625 6.28819444,0.534009742 6.28819444,1 L6.28819444,2.40625 Z M1.84375,8.95486111 L1.84375,15.875 C1.84375,16.6516504 2.47334957,17.28125 3.25,17.28125 L14.75,17.28125 C15.5266504,17.28125 16.15625,16.6516504 16.15625,15.875 L16.15625,8.95486111 L1.84375,8.95486111 Z" /></svg> </span> <span class="meta-text"> February 12, 2021 </span> </a> </li> <li class="post-author meta-wrapper"> <span class="meta-icon"> <span class="screen-reader-text">Post author</span> <svg class="svg-icon" aria-hidden="true" role="img" focusable="false" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="18" height="20" viewBox="0 0 18 20"><path fill="" d="M18,19 C18,19.5522847 17.5522847,20 17,20 C16.4477153,20 16,19.5522847 16,19 L16,17 C16,15.3431458 14.6568542,14 13,14 L5,14 C3.34314575,14 2,15.3431458 2,17 L2,19 C2,19.5522847 1.55228475,20 1,20 C0.44771525,20 0,19.5522847 0,19 L0,17 C0,14.2385763 2.23857625,12 5,12 L13,12 C15.7614237,12 18,14.2385763 18,17 L18,19 Z M9,10 C6.23857625,10 4,7.76142375 4,5 C4,2.23857625 6.23857625,0 9,0 C11.7614237,0 14,2.23857625 14,5 C14,7.76142375 11.7614237,10 9,10 Z M9,8 C10.6568542,8 12,6.65685425 12,5 C12,3.34314575 10.6568542,2 9,2 C7.34314575,2 6,3.34314575 6,5 C6,6.65685425 7.34314575,8 9,8 Z" /></svg> </span> <span class="meta-text"> By <a href="https://www.scien.cx/author/chris-coyier/">Chris Coyier</a> </span> </li> <li class="post-categories meta-wrapper"> <span class="meta-icon"> <span class="screen-reader-text">Post categories</span> <svg class="svg-icon" aria-hidden="true" role="img" focusable="false" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="20" height="19" viewBox="0 0 20 19"><path fill="" d="M2.8,1.85 C2.275329,1.85 1.85,2.27532949 1.85,2.8 L1.85,15.4 C1.85,15.9246705 2.275329,16.35 2.8,16.35 L17.2,16.35 C17.724671,16.35 18.15,15.9246705 18.15,15.4 L18.15,5.5 C18.15,4.97532949 17.724671,4.55 17.2,4.55 L9.1,4.55 C8.8158,4.55 8.550403,4.40796403 8.392757,4.17149517 L6.845094,1.85 L2.8,1.85 Z M17.2,2.85 C18.663555,2.85 19.85,4.03644541 19.85,5.5 L19.85,15.4 C19.85,16.8635546 18.663555,18.05 17.2,18.05 L2.8,18.05 C1.336445,18.05 0.15,16.8635546 0.15,15.4 L0.15,2.8 C0.15,1.33644541 1.336445,0.15 2.8,0.15 L7.3,0.15 C7.5842,0.15 7.849597,0.292035965 8.007243,0.528504833 L9.554906,2.85 L17.2,2.85 Z" /></svg> </span> <span class="meta-text"> In <a href="https://www.scien.cx/category/accessibility/" rel="category tag">accessibility</a>, <a href="https://www.scien.cx/category/layout/" rel="category tag">layout</a>, <a href="https://www.scien.cx/category/link/" rel="category tag">link</a>, <a href="https://www.scien.cx/category/web-components/" rel="category tag">Web Components</a> </span> </li> </ul> </div> </header><!-- .preview-header --> </article><!-- .preview --> </div><!-- .grid-item --> <div class="grid-item"> <article class="preview preview-post post-348472 post type-post status-publish format-standard hentry category-fonts category-front-end-development category-javascript category-nextjs category-react" id="post-348472"> <figure class="wp-block-audio"></figure> <figure class="preview-media"> </figure> <header class="preview-header"> <h2 class="preview-title heading-size-3"><a href="https://www.scien.cx/2022/01/18/how-to-self-host-fonts-in-nextjs/">How to self-host fonts in NextJS</a></h2> <div class="post-meta-wrapper post-meta-archive"> <ul class="post-meta color-accent"> <li class="post-date"> <a class="meta-wrapper" href="https://www.scien.cx/2022/01/18/how-to-self-host-fonts-in-nextjs/"> <span class="meta-icon"> <span class="screen-reader-text">Post date</span> <svg class="svg-icon" aria-hidden="true" role="img" focusable="false" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="18" height="19" viewBox="0 0 18 19"><path fill="" d="M4.60069444,4.09375 L3.25,4.09375 C2.47334957,4.09375 1.84375,4.72334957 1.84375,5.5 L1.84375,7.26736111 L16.15625,7.26736111 L16.15625,5.5 C16.15625,4.72334957 15.5266504,4.09375 14.75,4.09375 L13.3993056,4.09375 L13.3993056,4.55555556 C13.3993056,5.02154581 13.0215458,5.39930556 12.5555556,5.39930556 C12.0895653,5.39930556 11.7118056,5.02154581 11.7118056,4.55555556 L11.7118056,4.09375 L6.28819444,4.09375 L6.28819444,4.55555556 C6.28819444,5.02154581 5.9104347,5.39930556 5.44444444,5.39930556 C4.97845419,5.39930556 4.60069444,5.02154581 4.60069444,4.55555556 L4.60069444,4.09375 Z M6.28819444,2.40625 L11.7118056,2.40625 L11.7118056,1 C11.7118056,0.534009742 12.0895653,0.15625 12.5555556,0.15625 C13.0215458,0.15625 13.3993056,0.534009742 13.3993056,1 L13.3993056,2.40625 L14.75,2.40625 C16.4586309,2.40625 17.84375,3.79136906 17.84375,5.5 L17.84375,15.875 C17.84375,17.5836309 16.4586309,18.96875 14.75,18.96875 L3.25,18.96875 C1.54136906,18.96875 0.15625,17.5836309 0.15625,15.875 L0.15625,5.5 C0.15625,3.79136906 1.54136906,2.40625 3.25,2.40625 L4.60069444,2.40625 L4.60069444,1 C4.60069444,0.534009742 4.97845419,0.15625 5.44444444,0.15625 C5.9104347,0.15625 6.28819444,0.534009742 6.28819444,1 L6.28819444,2.40625 Z M1.84375,8.95486111 L1.84375,15.875 C1.84375,16.6516504 2.47334957,17.28125 3.25,17.28125 L14.75,17.28125 C15.5266504,17.28125 16.15625,16.6516504 16.15625,15.875 L16.15625,8.95486111 L1.84375,8.95486111 Z" /></svg> </span> <span class="meta-text"> January 18, 2022 </span> </a> </li> <li class="post-author meta-wrapper"> <span class="meta-icon"> <span class="screen-reader-text">Post author</span> <svg class="svg-icon" aria-hidden="true" role="img" focusable="false" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="18" height="20" viewBox="0 0 18 20"><path fill="" d="M18,19 C18,19.5522847 17.5522847,20 17,20 C16.4477153,20 16,19.5522847 16,19 L16,17 C16,15.3431458 14.6568542,14 13,14 L5,14 C3.34314575,14 2,15.3431458 2,17 L2,19 C2,19.5522847 1.55228475,20 1,20 C0.44771525,20 0,19.5522847 0,19 L0,17 C0,14.2385763 2.23857625,12 5,12 L13,12 C15.7614237,12 18,14.2385763 18,17 L18,19 Z M9,10 C6.23857625,10 4,7.76142375 4,5 C4,2.23857625 6.23857625,0 9,0 C11.7614237,0 14,2.23857625 14,5 C14,7.76142375 11.7614237,10 9,10 Z M9,8 C10.6568542,8 12,6.65685425 12,5 C12,3.34314575 10.6568542,2 9,2 C7.34314575,2 6,3.34314575 6,5 C6,6.65685425 7.34314575,8 9,8 Z" /></svg> </span> <span class="meta-text"> By <a href="https://www.scien.cx/author/volosciuc-eugen/">Volosciuc Eugen</a> </span> </li> <li class="post-categories meta-wrapper"> <span class="meta-icon"> <span class="screen-reader-text">Post categories</span> <svg class="svg-icon" aria-hidden="true" role="img" focusable="false" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="20" height="19" viewBox="0 0 20 19"><path fill="" d="M2.8,1.85 C2.275329,1.85 1.85,2.27532949 1.85,2.8 L1.85,15.4 C1.85,15.9246705 2.275329,16.35 2.8,16.35 L17.2,16.35 C17.724671,16.35 18.15,15.9246705 18.15,15.4 L18.15,5.5 C18.15,4.97532949 17.724671,4.55 17.2,4.55 L9.1,4.55 C8.8158,4.55 8.550403,4.40796403 8.392757,4.17149517 L6.845094,1.85 L2.8,1.85 Z M17.2,2.85 C18.663555,2.85 19.85,4.03644541 19.85,5.5 L19.85,15.4 C19.85,16.8635546 18.663555,18.05 17.2,18.05 L2.8,18.05 C1.336445,18.05 0.15,16.8635546 0.15,15.4 L0.15,2.8 C0.15,1.33644541 1.336445,0.15 2.8,0.15 L7.3,0.15 C7.5842,0.15 7.849597,0.292035965 8.007243,0.528504833 L9.554906,2.85 L17.2,2.85 Z" /></svg> </span> <span class="meta-text"> In <a href="https://www.scien.cx/category/fonts/" rel="category tag">Fonts</a>, <a href="https://www.scien.cx/category/front-end-development/" rel="category tag">front-end-development</a>, <a href="https://www.scien.cx/category/javascript/" rel="category tag">JavaScript</a>, <a href="https://www.scien.cx/category/nextjs/" rel="category tag">nextjs</a>, <a href="https://www.scien.cx/category/react/" rel="category tag">react</a> </span> </li> </ul> </div> </header><!-- .preview-header --> </article><!-- .preview --> </div><!-- .grid-item --> <div class="grid-item"> <article class="preview preview-post post-21073 post type-post status-publish format-standard hentry category-enterprisejs category-javascript category-node-js category-react" id="post-21073"> <figure class="wp-block-audio"></figure> <figure class="preview-media"> </figure> <header class="preview-header"> <h2 class="preview-title heading-size-3"><a href="https://www.scien.cx/2019/09/17/getting-started-with-electron-typescript-react-and-webpack/">Getting Started with Electron, Typescript, React and Webpack</a></h2> <div class="post-meta-wrapper post-meta-archive"> <ul class="post-meta color-accent"> <li class="post-date"> <a class="meta-wrapper" href="https://www.scien.cx/2019/09/17/getting-started-with-electron-typescript-react-and-webpack/"> <span class="meta-icon"> <span class="screen-reader-text">Post date</span> <svg class="svg-icon" aria-hidden="true" role="img" focusable="false" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="18" height="19" viewBox="0 0 18 19"><path fill="" d="M4.60069444,4.09375 L3.25,4.09375 C2.47334957,4.09375 1.84375,4.72334957 1.84375,5.5 L1.84375,7.26736111 L16.15625,7.26736111 L16.15625,5.5 C16.15625,4.72334957 15.5266504,4.09375 14.75,4.09375 L13.3993056,4.09375 L13.3993056,4.55555556 C13.3993056,5.02154581 13.0215458,5.39930556 12.5555556,5.39930556 C12.0895653,5.39930556 11.7118056,5.02154581 11.7118056,4.55555556 L11.7118056,4.09375 L6.28819444,4.09375 L6.28819444,4.55555556 C6.28819444,5.02154581 5.9104347,5.39930556 5.44444444,5.39930556 C4.97845419,5.39930556 4.60069444,5.02154581 4.60069444,4.55555556 L4.60069444,4.09375 Z M6.28819444,2.40625 L11.7118056,2.40625 L11.7118056,1 C11.7118056,0.534009742 12.0895653,0.15625 12.5555556,0.15625 C13.0215458,0.15625 13.3993056,0.534009742 13.3993056,1 L13.3993056,2.40625 L14.75,2.40625 C16.4586309,2.40625 17.84375,3.79136906 17.84375,5.5 L17.84375,15.875 C17.84375,17.5836309 16.4586309,18.96875 14.75,18.96875 L3.25,18.96875 C1.54136906,18.96875 0.15625,17.5836309 0.15625,15.875 L0.15625,5.5 C0.15625,3.79136906 1.54136906,2.40625 3.25,2.40625 L4.60069444,2.40625 L4.60069444,1 C4.60069444,0.534009742 4.97845419,0.15625 5.44444444,0.15625 C5.9104347,0.15625 6.28819444,0.534009742 6.28819444,1 L6.28819444,2.40625 Z M1.84375,8.95486111 L1.84375,15.875 C1.84375,16.6516504 2.47334957,17.28125 3.25,17.28125 L14.75,17.28125 C15.5266504,17.28125 16.15625,16.6516504 16.15625,15.875 L16.15625,8.95486111 L1.84375,8.95486111 Z" /></svg> </span> <span class="meta-text"> September 17, 2019 </span> </a> </li> <li class="post-author meta-wrapper"> <span class="meta-icon"> <span class="screen-reader-text">Post author</span> <svg class="svg-icon" aria-hidden="true" role="img" focusable="false" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="18" height="20" viewBox="0 0 18 20"><path fill="" d="M18,19 C18,19.5522847 17.5522847,20 17,20 C16.4477153,20 16,19.5522847 16,19 L16,17 C16,15.3431458 14.6568542,14 13,14 L5,14 C3.34314575,14 2,15.3431458 2,17 L2,19 C2,19.5522847 1.55228475,20 1,20 C0.44771525,20 0,19.5522847 0,19 L0,17 C0,14.2385763 2.23857625,12 5,12 L13,12 C15.7614237,12 18,14.2385763 18,17 L18,19 Z M9,10 C6.23857625,10 4,7.76142375 4,5 C4,2.23857625 6.23857625,0 9,0 C11.7614237,0 14,2.23857625 14,5 C14,7.76142375 11.7614237,10 9,10 Z M9,8 C10.6568542,8 12,6.65685425 12,5 C12,3.34314575 10.6568542,2 9,2 C7.34314575,2 6,3.34314575 6,5 C6,6.65685425 7.34314575,8 9,8 Z" /></svg> </span> <span class="meta-text"> By <a href="https://www.scien.cx/author/sitepen/">Sitepen</a> </span> </li> <li class="post-categories meta-wrapper"> <span class="meta-icon"> <span class="screen-reader-text">Post categories</span> <svg class="svg-icon" aria-hidden="true" role="img" focusable="false" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="20" height="19" viewBox="0 0 20 19"><path fill="" d="M2.8,1.85 C2.275329,1.85 1.85,2.27532949 1.85,2.8 L1.85,15.4 C1.85,15.9246705 2.275329,16.35 2.8,16.35 L17.2,16.35 C17.724671,16.35 18.15,15.9246705 18.15,15.4 L18.15,5.5 C18.15,4.97532949 17.724671,4.55 17.2,4.55 L9.1,4.55 C8.8158,4.55 8.550403,4.40796403 8.392757,4.17149517 L6.845094,1.85 L2.8,1.85 Z M17.2,2.85 C18.663555,2.85 19.85,4.03644541 19.85,5.5 L19.85,15.4 C19.85,16.8635546 18.663555,18.05 17.2,18.05 L2.8,18.05 C1.336445,18.05 0.15,16.8635546 0.15,15.4 L0.15,2.8 C0.15,1.33644541 1.336445,0.15 2.8,0.15 L7.3,0.15 C7.5842,0.15 7.849597,0.292035965 8.007243,0.528504833 L9.554906,2.85 L17.2,2.85 Z" /></svg> </span> <span class="meta-text"> In <a href="https://www.scien.cx/category/enterprisejs/" rel="category tag">EnterpriseJS</a>, <a href="https://www.scien.cx/category/javascript/" rel="category tag">JavaScript</a>, <a href="https://www.scien.cx/category/node-js/" rel="category tag">Node.js</a>, <a href="https://www.scien.cx/category/react/" rel="category tag">react</a> </span> </li> </ul> </div> </header><!-- .preview-header --> </article><!-- .preview --> </div><!-- .grid-item --> </div><!-- .posts-grid --> </div><!-- .posts --> </div><!-- .related-posts --> </main><!-- #site-content --> <script type="text/javascript"> jQuery(document).ready(function($){ // using jQuery if( $(document).find('.wp-block-video video').length ) { $(document).find('.wp-block-video video').mediaelementplayer(/* Options */); } if( $(document).find('.wp-block-audio audio').length ) { $(document).find('.wp-block-audio audio').mediaelementplayer(/* Options */); } //$(window).load(function(){ $('.wp-block-audio figcaption').each(function(){ var htm = $(this).html(); $(this).html('<div>' +htm+ '</div>'); }); //}); }); </script> <div class="wdg-bottom"></div> <style> /* ADDING SUPPORT FOR THE NEWSLETTER PLUGIN WIDGET */ .tnp-email::-webkit-input-placeholder::before { content:"Line 1\A";align-content } .tnp-email { top: -0px; position: relative; line-height: 2.0em !important; color: inherit; margin: 0 0 .8rem .8rem; display: flex; justify-content: space-between; width:72% !important; border: 2px; border-color: white; } .tnp-field label { display: none !important; } input.tnp-submit { display: block; top: -40px; position: relative; line-height: 2.0em !important; margin: 0 0 .8rem .8rem; display: flex; justify-content: space-between; width: 26% !important; float: right !important; } .tnp-field.tnp-field-button { top: -20px !important; position: relative; } .menu-modal-inner { box-shadow: 0 0 2rem 0 rgba( 0, 0, 0, .1 ); min-width: 64rem; opacity: 0; transform: translateX(25rem); transition: transform .2s ease-in, opacity .2s ease-in; width: 50%; margin-left: auto; height: 100%; } .t_menu .menu-modal-inner { opacity: 1; transform: none; } .menu-modal { display: block !important; transition: none; } #menu-left-footer .menu-item ul.sub-menu { position: relative !important; padding-left: 15px; } @media (min-width: 1000px){ .menu-modal { background: rgb(0 0 0 / 30%) !important;} } .tnp-submit { background-color: !important; border-color: !important; } .tnp-email { color: !important; background-color: transparent !important; border-color: !important; } </style> <footer id="site-footer" role="contentinfo"> <div class="footer-inner section-inner has-footer-menu"> <ul class="footer-menu reset-list-style"> </ul><!-- .site-nav --> <!-- .footer-credits --> <div class="left-footer-menu"><ul id="menu-left-footer" class="menu"><li id="menu-item-3230" class="menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-home menu-item-has-children menu-item-3230"><a href="https://www.scien.cx/">Sciencx</a> <ul class="sub-menu"> <li id="menu-item-3256" class="menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-home menu-item-3256"><a href="https://www.scien.cx/">Fuel Innovation</a></li> <li id="menu-item-3233" class="menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-3233"><a href="https://www.scien.cx/about/">About</a></li> <li id="menu-item-3232" class="menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-3232"><a href="https://www.scien.cx/contact/">Contact</a></li> </ul> </li> <li id="menu-item-362315" class="menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-362315"><a href="https://www.scien.cx/tv/">TV</a></li> <li id="menu-item-3231" class="menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page current_page_parent menu-item-3231"><a href="https://www.scien.cx/blog/">News</a></li> <li id="menu-item-3257" class="menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-3257"><a href="https://secure.actblue.com/donate/sciencx">Donate</a></li> </ul></div> </div><!-- .footer-bottom --> </footer><!-- #site-footer --> <link rel='stylesheet' id='buttons-css' href='https://www.scien.cx/wp-includes/css/buttons.min.css?ver=6.1.1' type='text/css' media='all' /> <script type='text/javascript' async="async" src='https://www.scien.cx/wp-content/plugins/Radio%20Free%20Analytics/assets/dist/js/script.js?ver=1.0.24' id='radiofree-analytics-js'></script> <script type='text/javascript' id='quicktags-js-extra'> /* <![CDATA[ */ var quicktagsL10n = {"closeAllOpenTags":"Close all open tags","closeTags":"close tags","enterURL":"Enter the URL","enterImageURL":"Enter the URL of the image","enterImageDescription":"Enter a description of the image","textdirection":"text direction","toggleTextdirection":"Toggle Editor Text Direction","dfw":"Distraction-free writing mode","strong":"Bold","strongClose":"Close bold tag","em":"Italic","emClose":"Close italic tag","link":"Insert link","blockquote":"Blockquote","blockquoteClose":"Close blockquote tag","del":"Deleted text (strikethrough)","delClose":"Close deleted text tag","ins":"Inserted text","insClose":"Close inserted text tag","image":"Insert image","ul":"Bulleted list","ulClose":"Close bulleted list tag","ol":"Numbered list","olClose":"Close numbered list tag","li":"List item","liClose":"Close list item tag","code":"Code","codeClose":"Close code tag","more":"Insert Read More tag"}; /* ]]> */ </script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://www.scien.cx/wp-includes/js/quicktags.min.js?ver=6.1.1' id='quicktags-js'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://www.scien.cx/wp-includes/js/dist/vendor/regenerator-runtime.min.js?ver=0.13.9' id='regenerator-runtime-js'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://www.scien.cx/wp-includes/js/dist/vendor/wp-polyfill.min.js?ver=3.15.0' id='wp-polyfill-js'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://www.scien.cx/wp-includes/js/dist/dom-ready.min.js?ver=392bdd43726760d1f3ca' id='wp-dom-ready-js'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://www.scien.cx/wp-includes/js/dist/hooks.min.js?ver=4169d3cf8e8d95a3d6d5' id='wp-hooks-js'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://www.scien.cx/wp-includes/js/dist/i18n.min.js?ver=9e794f35a71bb98672ae' id='wp-i18n-js'></script> <script type='text/javascript' id='wp-i18n-js-after'> wp.i18n.setLocaleData( { 'text direction\u0004ltr': [ 'ltr' ] } ); </script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://www.scien.cx/wp-includes/js/dist/a11y.min.js?ver=ecce20f002eda4c19664' id='wp-a11y-js'></script> <script type='text/javascript' id='wplink-js-extra'> /* <![CDATA[ */ var wpLinkL10n = {"title":"Insert\/edit link","update":"Update","save":"Add Link","noTitle":"(no title)","noMatchesFound":"No results found.","linkSelected":"Link selected.","linkInserted":"Link inserted.","minInputLength":"3"}; /* ]]> */ </script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://www.scien.cx/wp-includes/js/wplink.min.js?ver=6.1.1' id='wplink-js'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://www.scien.cx/wp-includes/js/jquery/ui/core.min.js?ver=1.13.2' id='jquery-ui-core-js'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://www.scien.cx/wp-includes/js/jquery/ui/menu.min.js?ver=1.13.2' id='jquery-ui-menu-js'></script> <script type='text/javascript' id='jquery-ui-autocomplete-js-extra'> /* <![CDATA[ */ var uiAutocompleteL10n = {"noResults":"No results found.","oneResult":"1 result found. Use up and down arrow keys to navigate.","manyResults":"%d results found. Use up and down arrow keys to navigate.","itemSelected":"Item selected."}; /* ]]> */ </script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://www.scien.cx/wp-includes/js/jquery/ui/autocomplete.min.js?ver=1.13.2' id='jquery-ui-autocomplete-js'></script> <script type="text/javascript"> tinyMCEPreInit = { baseURL: "https://www.scien.cx/wp-includes/js/tinymce", suffix: ".min", mceInit: {}, qtInit: {'content':{id:"content",buttons:"strong,em,link,block,del,ins,img,ul,ol,li,code,more,close"}}, ref: {plugins:"",theme:"modern",language:""}, load_ext: function(url,lang){var sl=tinymce.ScriptLoader;sl.markDone(url+'/langs/'+lang+'.js');sl.markDone(url+'/langs/'+lang+'_dlg.js');} }; </script> <script type="text/javascript"> var ajaxurl = "/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php"; ( function() { var initialized = []; var initialize = function() { var init, id, inPostbox, $wrap; var readyState = document.readyState; if ( readyState !== 'complete' && readyState !== 'interactive' ) { return; } for ( id in tinyMCEPreInit.mceInit ) { if ( initialized.indexOf( id ) > -1 ) { continue; } init = tinyMCEPreInit.mceInit[id]; $wrap = tinymce.$( '#wp-' + id + '-wrap' ); inPostbox = $wrap.parents( '.postbox' ).length > 0; if ( ! init.wp_skip_init && ( $wrap.hasClass( 'tmce-active' ) || ! tinyMCEPreInit.qtInit.hasOwnProperty( id ) ) && ( readyState === 'complete' || ( ! inPostbox && readyState === 'interactive' ) ) ) { tinymce.init( init ); initialized.push( id ); if ( ! window.wpActiveEditor ) { window.wpActiveEditor = id; } } } } if ( typeof tinymce !== 'undefined' ) { if ( tinymce.Env.ie && tinymce.Env.ie < 11 ) { tinymce.$( '.wp-editor-wrap ' ).removeClass( 'tmce-active' ).addClass( 'html-active' ); } else { if ( document.readyState === 'complete' ) { initialize(); } else { document.addEventListener( 'readystatechange', initialize ); } } } if ( typeof quicktags !== 'undefined' ) { for ( id in tinyMCEPreInit.qtInit ) { quicktags( tinyMCEPreInit.qtInit[id] ); if ( ! window.wpActiveEditor ) { window.wpActiveEditor = id; } } } }()); </script> <div id="wp-link-backdrop" style="display: none"></div> <div id="wp-link-wrap" class="wp-core-ui" style="display: none" role="dialog" aria-labelledby="link-modal-title"> <form id="wp-link" tabindex="-1"> <input type="hidden" id="_ajax_linking_nonce" name="_ajax_linking_nonce" value="5595382240" /> <h1 id="link-modal-title">Insert/edit link</h1> <button type="button" id="wp-link-close"><span class="screen-reader-text">Close</span></button> <div id="link-selector"> <div id="link-options"> <p class="howto" id="wplink-enter-url">Enter the destination URL</p> <div> <label><span>URL</span> <input id="wp-link-url" type="text" aria-describedby="wplink-enter-url" /></label> </div> <div class="wp-link-text-field"> <label><span>Link Text</span> <input id="wp-link-text" type="text" /></label> </div> <div class="link-target"> <label><span></span> <input type="checkbox" id="wp-link-target" /> Open link in a new tab</label> </div> </div> <p class="howto" id="wplink-link-existing-content">Or link to existing content</p> <div id="search-panel"> <div class="link-search-wrapper"> <label> <span class="search-label">Search</span> <input type="search" id="wp-link-search" class="link-search-field" autocomplete="off" aria-describedby="wplink-link-existing-content" /> <span class="spinner"></span> </label> </div> <div id="search-results" class="query-results" tabindex="0"> <ul></ul> <div class="river-waiting"> <span class="spinner"></span> </div> </div> <div id="most-recent-results" class="query-results" tabindex="0"> <div class="query-notice" id="query-notice-message"> <em class="query-notice-default">No search term specified. Showing recent items.</em> <em class="query-notice-hint screen-reader-text">Search or use up and down arrow keys to select an item.</em> </div> <ul></ul> <div class="river-waiting"> <span class="spinner"></span> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="submitbox"> <div id="wp-link-cancel"> <button type="button" class="button">Cancel</button> </div> <div id="wp-link-update"> <input type="submit" value="Add Link" class="button button-primary" id="wp-link-submit" name="wp-link-submit"> </div> </div> </form> </div> <script> var p_id = null; var p_link = null; var click = 1; jQuery(function(){ jQuery('li.menu-item-has-children > a:first-child').on('click',function(event){ event.preventDefault() var link = jQuery(this).attr('href'); var id = jQuery(this).parent().attr('id'); if(p_id == null){ p_id = id; p_link = link; jQuery(this).next('ul').toggle(300); if(click == 1){ click = 2 } } else if(p_id != id){ p_id = id; p_link = link; jQuery(this).next('ul').toggle(300); if(click == 1){ click = 2 } } else if(p_id == id){ if(click == 2){ console.log('go') window.location.href = link } } //Hide menu when clicked outside jQuery(this).next('ul').onclick(function(){ var thisUI = jQuery(this); jQuery('html').click(function(){ thisUI.hide(); jQuery('html').unbind('click'); }); }); }); }); </script> <script> jQuery('.myLinkToTop').click(function () { jQuery('html, body').animate({scrollTop:jQuery(document).height()}, 'slow'); return true; }); jQuery('.myMenuLink').click(function () { jQuery('html, body').animate({scrollTop:0}, 'slow'); return true; }); </script> <script> jQuery(".left-footer-menu .header-toggles").on("click",function(){ jQuery(".left-footer-menu .menu-modal.cover-modal").toggleClass("t_menu") }) jQuery(".left-footer-menu .menu-modal-toggles").on("click",function(){ jQuery(".left-footer-menu .menu-modal.cover-modal").removeClass("t_menu") }) // jQuery(".left-footer-menu .menu-item .sub-menu-toggle").on("click",function(){ // jQuery(this).toggleClass("active"); // jQuery(this).parent().parent().parent().find("ul.sub-menu").toggle() // }) /////////////////////////// //this hides images that do not load properly on the homepage $("img").error(function (){ $(this).hide(); // or $(this).css({'display','none'}); }); </script> </body> </html>